Siamese by Susan

GC Susan's Paddy Muldoon
GC, GP, RW Susan’s Paddy Muldoon

The Siamese cat is one of the oldest breeds recognized by The Cat Fanciers’ Association, Inc. (CFA) This association is the only association in the world which recognizes the Siamese cat as it was first presented to cat fanciers…a pure bred pointed cat from “Siam” dating back as far as records exist in the history of the country we now call Thailand. Many breeds originate from this small country in the southeast portion of Asia…many believe the numerous cats we recognize today which trace their ancestry back to Thailand, were the result of Siamese parentage.

The Siamese cat is judged according to a written standard which is recommended to the CFA Board of Directors by the CFA Siamese Breed Council membership. The Siamese cat is probably one of the most well-defined breeds having points assigned to virtually every part of its body from the tip of its nose to the tip of its tail!

J-Bar's Misha of Susan

The Siamese cat is a medium sized cat with an angular shape to practically every single portion of its head and body. It doesn't take a mathematics professor to see the symmetry of this lovely breed of cat. Notice the triangles on the above cat, Misha. The head is triangular in shape and is adorned with large triangular-shaped ears. The eyes are almond-shaped and also are positioned so that the outside corners of the eyes point straight to the center of the base of the ears. The “lines” of the Siamese cat are supposed to be “clean” with very little deviation…sharp lines and very few curves.

Points of the Siamese cat should be uniform in color whether on the face, the tail or the legs. Points should be free of barring. The body color should be clear but can shade darker as a cat grows older. Misha is 7 years old…he is darker in body color, but the contrast between his body color and his points is still very apparent…a characteristic we all work tirelessly to achieve. Young Siamese almost always have color that merits approval by the Siamese standard. When I say young Siamese, I am talking about Siamese who are 1 year or younger. It is the older cat that validates the breeding behind a Siamese. If color and contrast can be maintained on an older cat it is a true test of the cat’s adherence to the breed standard.

The Siamese head alone carries 20 out of a possible 100 points. Add the shape of eyes and the accumulated point-count from the color portion of the standard, and the head alone carries almost close to half the points assigned to the breed.

The Siamese cat has a long and straight profile. Annie Muldoon has a perfect profile. Six out of the twenty points that are given to the head are assigned to the perfect profile. I would call Annie a “perfect six” on her profile.

Grand Champion Shimasu Annie Muldoon of Susan

Sealee Me The chin frequently creates an illusion that detracts from the overall wedge. A chin does count however, and is given 3 out of the twenty points. The wedge on a Siamese cat calls for a “fine muzzle” which is where the presence of a strong chin can detract from the overall look of elegance. Why do we want a chin? One reason is to ensure that the bite of this elegant cat is sound. Being defined as a very angular cat, a receding chin detracts from the overall geometrical design of the Siamese. Ideally, one should be able to look at a Siamese profile and see a straight line from the top of the nose to be bottom of the muzzle…and, it should still be fine! This is one of the areas that breeders have problems in obtaining the ideal match…usually, a cat has a fine muzzle with a receding chin, or it has a strong chin and a not-so-fine muzzle. The two qualities—fine muzzle and strong chin—are difficult to put together. But we continue to attempt to breed the “perfect cat.

Champion Susan's Rosealee

In the above picture, Rosealee has both a fine muzzle and a strong chin. She does however have round eyes! Shape of the eye—size, slant, and placement count 10 points over and above the overall twenty points for the Siamese head. If one looks at the overall point assignment for the head, 2 points (of the 20 points given to the head allowance) go to the spacing of the eyes—the size of an eye in between each eye is required for perfect placement and size of the eyes. Eye color is also included separately from the 20 points given to the head. Eye color is considered important enough to be graded separately and another 10 points is assigned to this aspect of the Siamese. If one adds up all of these points, 22 points can be used to judge the efficacy of the Siamese cat’s eyes.

Rosealee has stunning color, but the Siamese standard only counts 30 points overall for color. The “points” (or the extremities) should be dark; the body should be lighter in contrast depending on the color class of the cat being exhibited. The paw pad color should be the same color as the points. Many Siamese today do not have the paw pad color to match their given color classification. This results in what breeders used to refer to as “neither/nor” color—a cat which could be neither a seal point nor a chocolate point Siamese based on the color of the paw pads. This aspect of the Siamese—paw pad color—is so important in defining color that 10 points are assigned to the paw pad color. The color of the nose where there is no fur is referred to as “nose leather” and it is included in these 10 points with paw pad color. So, to review—a Siamese cat’s nose, paw pads, and points should all be the same color! Rosealee is indeed a seal point Siamese. She is a lovely girl, but her faults are r ound eyes...something that is distracting to a judge looking for slanted eyes.

Grand Champion Susan's Paddy Muldoon

The Siamese body type is perhaps the most graceful of all cats. Long, lean, muscular--Siamese are indeed the ballerinas of the cat world. Small feet, tiny bones, rock hard bodies are all desirable traits of the breed. Above we can see a long body which resembles a tube in which we would mail a map or chart. The body looks "skinny" but upon feeling the cat, it should be nothing but rock-hard muscle. The color on the underside of a Siamese should be the lightest in color on the cat. Shading occurs as you go up the sides of a cat to its spine where it is its darkest.

Dividing Line

Link to Showtime Link to Recent Stars

Link to Kittens

Link to Past Winners Link to Favorite Links Link to Casual Shots

Link to  Available

Link to Siamese Breed Council website

Link to PetFoodDirect

Email Sue at

CFA Siamese since 1973